Inner Tomb Complex
. The Dargah Qadam Sharif in Paharganj, Delhi consists of a small tomb complex, built in 1375-1376 CE, it also houses a mosque, a madrasa and a shrine (“dargah”), which is surrounded by a massive gated wall
Feroze Shah Tughlaq (1309 – 1388) constructed the large rectangular tomb at its core for himself, and surrounded it with massive walls and impressive gates in typical Tughlaq style. However, when his son Fateh Khan died in 1376, he repurposed the tomb to be used for his son. Also added was a stone with a foot print of Muhammad, which Feroze Shah had brought in from Mecca.
This foot print (“Qadam Sharif” = “Footprint of the Prophet” in English) gave the whole complex its name, Dargah Qadam Sharif. A mosque and a madrasa are present round out the inner tomb complex.
In the centuries since then, the whole area has been “absorbed” by housing and commercial buildings, although the tomb, most of the walls as well as a couple of the gate houses are still clearly visible. Furthermore, the madrasa and mosque at the tomb are still actively used.
The complex is located just northwest of the New Delhi Railway Station in a dense “urban jungle. “Most of the maps are highly inaccurate.
Nearby (and barely noticeable as a U-shaped building) are the remains of one of the glorious Seven Mosques of Feroze Shah’s WazirKhan-i-Jahan Maqbul Tilangani (Khan Jahan).
The Tradition is that in the time of the Emperor Feroze Shah about five centuries ago, a celebrated Devotee and a Disciple of the Emperor’s was deputed to Mecca (to which all true Mohammedans are bound to make one Pilgrimage, if they hope for Salvation) to obtain from the Caliph of that place a Khillut or Dress of Honor.
The Boon was granted, and in addition as a mark of high consideration the Slab in question was also consigned to the care of the Devotee.
Dargah Qadam Sharif or Shrine of the Holy Foot.
The tomb of was built by Feroze Shah Tughlaq (r.1351-88) for himself, but when his son Fateh Khan died in 1374, he interred him in the tomb. Over the grave of the Prince was a stone bearing a footprint (qadam) of the prophet, which according to tradition was brought to India for Feroze Shah Tughlaq, by his spiritual guide-Inscribed: naqsha-i dargah-i qadam-i sharif ast. Mazhar ‘Ali Khan.
When Qadam Shareef arrived in Delhi the Emperor and all his Nobles proceeded to a Distance of 15 Miles from the City to do Honor to this precious Relic. It was escorted with much Pomp and finally deposited by order of the Emperor in the Royal Treasury.
Subsequently, the Prince Fateh Khan, a son of the Emperor having been permitted to select from the Treasury what he deemed most valuable, claimed possession of the Relic. The Emperor refused to bestow it, considering it as his own exclusive Property but decreed that is should be placed over the Remains of the one who should first demise.
To the Prince’s lot it fell and the Emperor fulfilled his Promise and around the Prince’s Grave the celebrated Shrine is present………..
The exact coordinates for the tomb are (28.649818, 77.211879) and the U-shaped building are (28.649328, 77.217689).
On a side note, Feroze Shah Tughlaq’s final resting place was in a new tomb in Hauz Khas.
‘Reminiscences of Imperial Delhi’, by Sir Thomas Theophilus Metcalfe (1795-1853), the Governor-General’s Agent at the imperial court.