Madarsa

Taaleem nahin tthi aasaan guzre zamaane mein…………….

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Image: The Madrasa Jurist. Painting by Muḥammad Riżā ca. 1611 (Or.7535, f. 25r). 

 (Source: BritishLibrary archives)

During the time of Mughal Emperor Akbar, the syllabus of Madrasas all over the country was called as Dars-e-Nizami consisting of eleven subjects with books prescribed for each.

These were:
(1) Sarf (Declension of conjugation).
The books recommended were:
i. Mizan,
ii. Munshaib
iii. Sarf-e-Mir
iv. Fusul-e-Akbari
v. Zubda
vi. Panjganj
vii. Shafia

(2) Nahv (grammar of syntax).
The books recommended were:
i. Nahv Mir
ii. Sharh-e-mata
iii. Amil
iv. Hidayatum Nehv
v. Kafia
vi. Sharh-e-Jami

(3) Mantiq (Logic).
The books were
i. Shughra
ii. Sharh-e-Jahzib
iii. Qulb-e-ma
iv. Kubra Isaghoji Tahzib
v. Qulb-e-ma-Mir
vi. Sallamut Ulma

(4) Hikma (Philosophy).
The books prescribed were:
i. Shams-e-Bazi-gha
ii. Maibazi
iii. Sadra

(5) Raizi (Mathematics).
The books were:
i. Tashrihul Aflak
ii. Risala-i-qaush-ajia
iii. Sharhe
iv. Tahrir-e-uqlides Maqalai-ula
v. Babe-e-Awwal

(6) Balaghar (rhetoric).
The books were:
i. Mukhtsir Maani
ii. Mutawwal upto Maani qutlu

(7) Fiqh (Jurisprudence).
The books recommended were:
i. Hidaya Akherin
ii. Shah-e-waqaya Awwalin

(8) Usul-e-Fiqh (Principles of Jurisprudence).
The books were:
i. Taudih-i-Talwih
ii. Nurual Anwar

(9) Kalam (Dialectic).
The books were:
i. Sharh-e-Aqaid Nasafi
ii. Sharh-e-Aqaide Jalali

(10) Tafsir (Exigencies).
The books were:
i. Jalalain
ii. Baizawi

(11) Hadis (Traditions).
The book was
i. Almasahib

The other four Subjects were also added to the above syllabus:
(1) Adab (Literature) books:
a. Nathatal Yaman
b. Saba Muallaqa
c. Diwan-e-Muntannabbi
d. Mugamat_-e-Hariri
e. Harmasa

(2) Faraiz (Obligations) books:
i. Sharifia
(3) Munazara (Disputation) – no books recommended.
4) Usule Hadis (Principles of Hadis).

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