Some Facts of History-4

1. First Invader  to set foot in India

Very early invasion of India-Before Mahmud Ghazni in AD 712 Mohammed-bin-Qasim, an Arab invader invaded Sind with the ambition of conquering India. However, the climatic condition of Sind did not encourage him to proceed further.


Mohammed-bin-Qasim, an Arab invader

invaded Sind with the ambition of conquering India in AD 712

2. Sabuktegin?

Sabuktegin – Yamin ad-Dawlah Abdul-Qasim Mahmud ibn Sabuktegin was actually Mahmud of Ghazni.


A Painting of the tomb of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, in 1839–40, with Sandalwood Doors long believed to be plundered from Somnath, which he destroyed


The alleged “Gates of Somnath” brought from Ghazni by Lord Ellenborough in 1842 still remain on view, in a dilapidated condition, in the Agra Fort

3. Shah Turkan

Shah Turkan had entered the harem of Iltutmish as a concubine, but later rose to the status of queen. She was wily and conspiring and wanted her Son Ruknuddin to be king after Iltutmish, hence she tried to kill Razia Sultan but did not succeed.


Shah Turkan had entered the harem of Iltutmish as a concubine

but later rose to the status of queen

4. Feroz Shah Tughlaq

Feroz Shah Tughlaq originally commissioned Lal Gumbad in Malviya Nagar as his burial place but later gave it to Shaikh Kabir-ud-Din Auliya.


Lal Gumbad in Malviya Nagar-Mehrauli Delhi

5. Coronation

Firuz Shah Tughlaq’s coronation took place in Royal Camp of Thatta in 1351. He got investiture from Caliph of Egypt.


Tomb of Firuz Shah Tughlaq-Hauz Khas Delhi

6. Sikander Lodi

Sikander Lodi’s tomb in Lodhi Gardens Delhi, is similar to Mohammed Shah’s tomb, though without the chhatris. It was built by his son Ibrahim Lodi in 1517, the last of Sultan of Delhi from Lodi dynasty.


Sikander Lodi’s tomb in Lodhi Gardens Delhi

7. Ibrahim Lodhi

Ibrahim Lodhi’s body was found among the slain and treated with respect by Babar who ordered its burial. Later the tomb was renovated by Buwa Begum Sahiba, Ibrahim’s mother. She found a place in Babar’s household but later antagonized the Moghul conqueror by trying to poison him out of revenge for the death of her son.

Ibrahim Lodhi was the only king of India to die on the battle field.


Buwa Begum Sahiba, Ibrahim Lodhi’s mother

8. Ibrahim Lodhi’s grave

Ibrahim Lodhi’s grave is near the tehsil office in Panipat, close to the Dargah of Sufi saint Bu Ali Shah Qalandar. It is a simple rectangular structure on a high platform approached by a flight of steps. In 1866, the British relocated the tomb during construction of the Grand Trunk Road as it lay in the direct path of the road and renovated it with an inscription highlighting Ibrahim Lodhi’s death in the Battle of Panipat. Whether the Sultan’s remains were also interred at the present spot is not known.


Tomb of Ibrahim Lodhi-Panipat


Grand Trunk Road

Grand Trunk road-Named by British 


Sadak e Azam -as called by Sher Shah Suri 


Uttarpatha-as named by Mauryas 

9. Babar

 Babur was a direct descendant of Timur, from the Barlas clan, through his father, and a descendant also of Genghis Khan through his mother.


Tomb of Babur

10. Khair-ul-Manazil

Khair-ul-Manazil-The mosque was built without a foundation, a rarity in large constructions even today. Incredible.



11. Mumtaj Mahal

Mumtaj Mahal (w/o Shahjahan) was also named as Kudsia Begam and Nawab Alia Begam.

Taj Mahal 1874

Tomb of Mumtaj Mahal-Taj Mahal in 1874

12. Azizabad Bagh?

Shalimar Bagh was called Azizabad Bagh after Aizzu’nNisa Begum, one of Shah Jahan’s wife but was commissioned by another wife-Akbarabadi Begum!

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Shalimar Bagh-Delhi

13. Chandni Chowk

The shops of Chandni Chowk were originally built in a half-moon shape, arcuate pattern, a pattern, which, however, is lost today.


Chandni Chowk of yore

14. Ballimaran?

The street of Ballimaran near Chandni Chowk in Old Delhi was the colony of boat rowers. Hence the name Ballimaran.

15. Canal of Chandni Chowk

In Chandni Chowk, originally a canal ran through the middle of the street as a part of the water supply scheme.


Chandni Chowk-Canal

16. Plunder of Nadir Shah

The plunder seized from Delhi in 1739 was so rich that Nadir Shah stopped taxation in Iran for a period of three years following his return.


Grave of Nader Shah

17. Red Fort

After 1857 uprising British turned Red Fort into army barrack and barred the white lime wash done every two years. White plaster slowly peeled off. Later, it was repaired with red sand stone and named Red Fort. Traditional white ‘Mughal plaster’ was made from ground marble (to give shine) dal pulses lime and fruit juice.
Added by Monuments of Delhi – Also, egg yolk was added for a slight yellow touch.


Naubat Khana of Red Fort in 1857

18. Sheesh Mahal used by British

During British rule Sir David Ochterlony and later, Lord Metcalfe used Sheesh Mahal Shalimar Bagh, as their summer lodge.


Ochterlony in Indian garb and style


Atrocities of Otcherlony

Sir David Ochterlony Receiving a Messenger from the Ghoorkas 

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Grave of Metcalfe-Dust to Dust

19. Siddis’ of India

The Siddi of India-also known as Siddhi, Sheedi, Habshi or Makrani, are an ethnic group inhabiting India and Pakistan. Members are descended from Bantu people from Southeast Africa that were brought to the Indian subcontinent as slaves by Arab and Portuguese merchants.
During the Indian Mutiny of 1857-58, the British were faced by highly professional opponents in the city of Lucknow. Soldiers were repeatedly picked off by a sniper who was positioned up a tree. When finally dislodged, the sniper was discovered to be not Indian but African (Siddi) and a woman at that. Moreover, she was one of several female African soldiers counted among the dead after the siege. All had been loyal to their slave-owning Indian master.



20. Adham Khan’s tomb used by Brit

Some people don’t mind. Blake lived in Adham Khan’s tomb & Metcalfe used Quli Khan’s Tomb as weekend retreat calling it Dilkusha.


Tomb of Adham Khan, Delhi

Photographed in 1858 by Major Robert Christopher Tytler and his wife, Harriet, in the aftermath of the Uprising of 1857.



Dilkhusha, the Metcalfe House in Qutb Complex built by Metcalfe as a retreat -A Painting from his Folio published in 1843

21. Sir David Ochterlony and his 13 Indian wives !

In early 19 century Delhi, one of the sights of town (Delhi) near Red Fort, was afternoon parade of Indophile-Sir David Ochterlony and 13 Indian wives each on her own elephant.


Gold Pendant with Watercolor on Ivory Portrait of David Ochterlony

 Property of Mubarak Begum

 22. Mubarak Begum

Mubarak Begum was youngest of the 13 wives of Sir David Ochterlony known for his passion for nautch girls, hukkas, Indian costumes. Mosque named after Mubarak Begum is named Mubarak Begum Masjid (Randee ki Masjid) in Hauz Qazi Lal Kuan Road Old Delhi. Built in 1823.


Mubarak Begum Masjid, Hauz Qazi


All Images/Photos from Internet

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