Places of Dilli…………………………………………………………………………………
i) Mutiny Memorial
Mutiny Memorial is built at the location of the Battery that bombarded Delhi from the Ridge-Mutiny Delhi 1857.
When Edwin Luytens and Herbert Baker were commissioned to design New Delhi by the British, they surveyed the whole area, and settled upon a densely covered hill called Raisina.
This is the Raisina Hill on which Rashtrapati Bhawan stands.
When they decided to build New Delhi there, they had to relocate a whole village called Malcha.
This is what the Malcha Marg in New Delhi is named for.
The charge of relocating the residents of Malcha was given to a British officer who was Delhi’s deputy commissioner, named Young.
The colony where he resettled the people of Malcha was named after him: Youngpur
Young became “Jang” in Hindi hence “Jang”- pur.
This became the famous Jungpura!
a. Ghiyaspur was a small village on the outskirts of Delhi, named after Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq.
b. After the Chisti saint Nizamuddin Auliya made his khanqah there, the whole village was named after him: Nizamuddin.
vii) Chirag Dilli
As the story goes, Nizamuddin blessed one of his most loved disciples so that he could light lamps with water instead of oil in the neighbouring village. After the accomplishment of this feat, his disciple Naseeruddin was named “Chirag”, and the area was named Chirag Dilli. (Chirag means ‘lamp’).
viii) Chawri Bazar
This used to be around an evening meeting place for the merchants stationed there. ‘Chawri’ means meeting place in Marathi.
ix) Bengali Market
This is not named after Bengal, but a Rajput minister named Bangal who was gifted this land.
The Yamuna used to flow by the walled city of Shahjahanabad. ‘Ganj’ means ‘market’, and so this market was named after the river.
xi) New Colonies
Post Partition, thousands of refugees entered Delhi from Pakistan. Continuing with the fervor of independence, new colonies were set up for accommodating these people and were named after freedom fighters and prominent names.
Lajpat Nagar / Patel Nagar / Sarojini Nagar / Rajender Nagar.
xiii) GB Road
There were earlier five kothas (brothels) in Delhi. A British commissioner named Garstin unified them in one red-light area.
It was named after him: Garstin Bastion Road / GB Road.
GB Road was rechristened Swami Shradhanand Marg in 1995
xiv) Matia Mahal
Matia Mahal, named after Shah Jahan’s wife Matia Begum, is still there.