Some Facts of History-6


1. Tomb of Lala Rukh

LalaRukh Tomb of Lala Rukh

Tomb of Lala Rukh is a historical tomb traditionally attributed to Princess Lala Rukh, daughter of the Mughal emperor Akbar. It is not known that who is buried here.

Lala Rukh means red face, Mughal had white colour and during fever, face often becomes red. There is great possibility that any Mughal princess might be travelling towards Kashmir and fell ill during the course and latter on died here and people remembered her with red face which might be the outcome of fever or otherwise. So they might start her calling as Lala Rukh. Her real name might be a different one

It is believed to be the grave of Mughal Princess Lalarukh, but no historical facts verify this narrative. Some locals claim that this is the grave of Humayun’s daughter while some say it is Jehangir’s daughter, who died of sickness while traveling to Kashmir and was buried here. In spite of different points of view on who actually was Lalarukh, this place attracts a lot of visitors who find peace and tranquillity in the solitude of this place.

The tomb is located on the Islam Shaheed road in Hasan Abdal, Attock District, in present day Punjab, Pakistan. The tomb is just opposite to the Gurdwara Panja Sahib and the Muqbara Hakeeman.

2. Gulbadan Begum


Gulbadan Begum-the author of ‘Humayun Nama’ and the daughter of Emperor Babur. When she was 80, in February, 1603, her departure was heralded by a few days of fever. Hamida was with her to the end, and it may be that Ruqaiya, Hindal’s daughter, also watched her last hours. As she lay with closed eyes, Hamida Banu Begum spoke to her by the long-used name of affection, “Jiu!”(Live or May you Live. There was no response. Then, “Gul-badan!” The dying woman opened her eyes, quoted the verse, “I die—may you live!” and died.

3. Gulbadan Begum’s Account of the Mughal Harem

In Gulbadan’s memoir, she shows that women in the Harem, knew about the political changes going on in their world, and in fact, did play a role in it.

Gulbadan was also fully aware of the political strife and on-goings of the budding empire, despite her seclusion to the harem.

As described by Gulbadan, the women in the royal harem were often involved in parties, meetings with their male relatives, etc. and did in fact have contact with the outside world.


Engraving of a view inside a zenana (Harem) by William Skelton (1763-1848)

Source: Plate 4 of William Hodges ‘Travels in India, during the years 1780, 1781, 1782, & 1783′ published in London in 1793.

This engraving of a zenana, the women’s quarter of a palace,

was taken from an Indian painting in the possession of William Hodges.

4. Maham Anga


Detail showing Maham Anga, Akbar’s foster mother

from the Akbarnama c1590, V&A Museum

Maham Anga (wet nurse of Akbar) according to Gulbadan Begum (paternal Aunt of Akbar), was related to Hamida Begum (mother of Akbar).

Wet Nurse of Akbar; wife of Nadīm kuka; mother of Baqi and Adham kukas. Cf. Babu agha.

Nadim Khan Kukaltash aka Nadim Kuka, a general in the army of and faithful servant of Humayun.

Fakhru-n-nisaa anaga, who was the mother of Nadim kuka and Mother in Law of Maham Anga

Babu agha was the daughter of Maham Anga and was the wife of Shihabu-d-din Aḥmad Khān Nishapuri, and was related to Ḥamida-banu Begam Jami, Akbar’s mother.

Abu’l-faẓl calls her Mama agha. He says that she was a good woman, and that on her death Akbar went to her house and offered condolence because of her relationship to his mother.

Shihabu-d-din was damad of Maham anaga, and as damad is presumably used here in its more common sense of ‘son-in-law,’ Babu  agha would seem to be a daughter of Maham anaga.

5. Qutbuddiin Khan, was the youngest brother of Atgah Khan. (The one who was husband of Akbars another wet nurse Jiji Anga and was murdered by Adham Khan, sone of Akbars wet nurse Maham Anga.)

In the 24th year (12th Rajab, 987), he was appointed ataliq to Prince Salím, received a dagu, and the title of Beglar Begi. Akbar also honoured him by placing at a feast Prince Salím on his shoulders.

His son Naurang Khán served under Mirza Khan Khanan in Gujrát (992), received a jágír in Málwah and subsequently in Gujrát. He died in 999.

His second son, Gujar Khan, was a Haftçadí (No. 193), and served chiefly under M. Azam Khan Kokah (No. 21). He also had a tuyul in Gujrat.

6. Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana


His mother was a daughter of Jamál Khán of Mewát.

His wife was Mah Banu sister of Mirzā Azīz Koka (Khan-i-Azam), son of Shams ud-Din Ataga Khan, the Prime Minister of Akbar and Akbar‘s wet-nurse Jiji Anga, hence his Turkish sobriquet “Koka” or “foster-brother.”

7. Mirzā Azīz Koka (Khan-i-Azam) (ca. 1542 – 1624) also known as Kotaltash, was the son of Shams ud-Din Ataga Khan, the Prime Minister of Akbar and Akbar‘s wet-nurse Jiji Anga, hence his Turkish sobriquet “Koka” or “foster-brother.”


Mirzā Azīz Koka (Khan-i-Azam)

Mirzā Azīz Koka also known as Kotaltash, foster brother of Akbar, who remained one of the leading nobles at the courts of the Mughal emperors Akbar and Jahangir. He also remained Subahdar, governor of the Subah of Gujarat.

Ataga Khan was murdered by Adham Khan, the jealous son of Maham Anga, also one of Akbar‘s wet-nurse in 1562. Thereafter, Aziz Koka built his father tomb next to Nizamuddin Auliya in Delhi in 1566-67. Adham Khan on the other hand, was executed by the orders of Akbar.

During the rule of Jahangir, however, he lost much of positions. Mirza’s rebellion was crushed in 1606.  Jahangir, however took away much of his powers, and chided him in Jahangirnama. Later in life, Aziz Koka regained his position, but his clan could never regain the royal patronage, as enjoyed during his father’s lifetime.

His daughter, Habiba Banu Begum was married to fourth son of Akbar, Mughal prince Sultan Murad Mirza in 1587, and had two sons Rustam Mirza (b. 1588) and Alam Mirza (b. 1590).


Kotaltash built his tomb, Chausath Khamba, literally 64 pillars, during 1623–24

Near the Nizamuddin Dargah shrine complex in Delhi.

Internet Photo

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