(Source: Minassian Collection of Persian, Mughal, and Indian Miniature Paintings)
Tales from Burhanpur (MP)…..
Shah Nawaz Khan aka Iraj was the son of Khanzada Mirza Khan Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana also known as Rahim, who was one of Mughal emperor Akbar’s main nine ministers (Diwan) in his court, also known as the Navaratnas.
He is most known for his Hindi couplets and his books on Astrology.
Mirza Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana was the son of Akbar’s trusted caretaker, Bairam Khan.
After Bairam Khan was murdered in Patan, Gujarat, his wife and young Rahim were brought safely to Ahmedabad, from they brought to Delhi and presented to the royal courts of Akbar, who gave him the title of ‘Mirza Khan’, and subsequently married him to Mah Banu, sister of Mirza Aziz Kokah, son of Ataga Khan, a noted Mughal noble.
Later, Bairam Khan’s wife-Salima Sultan Begum, became the second wife of Akbar, which made Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana his stepson, and later he became one of his nine prominent ministers, the Navaratnas, or nine gems.
Shah Nawaz Khan aka Iraj, born in Ahmedabad (Gujarat) was the eldest Son of Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana, who was the ‘Subedar’ of Burhanpur.
Shah Nawaz Khan aka Iraj, was a brave and able soldier in the army of Jahangir, and Jahangir’s victories of south were attributed to Shah Nawaz Khan. In the year 1021, Jahangir had bestowed the title of “Shah Nawaz” to Iraj for his bravery and also provided him with the illustrious post of ‘Panch Hazaar Mansabdari). In the Army of those days, this was a prestigious post.
(Indian miniature paintings)
Shah Nawaz’s sister i.e. Khan-e-Khana’s daughter, was married to Akbar’s son Danyal.
But, Shah Nawaz Khan had the bad habit of drinking, resulting in failing health. Jahangir had also warned Khan-e-khana, to keep him away from drinking. Despite all therapy Shah Nawaz Khan, succumbed to his ailments owing to drinking, and died at a young age of 44 years. Jahangir was distraught at his death and condoled Abdul Rahim Khankhana.
Ironically, later Khan-e-khana’s two sons were killed by Akbar’s son Jahangir and their bodies left to rot at the Khooni Darwaza because Khan-e-khana was not in favour of Jahangir’s accession to the throne at Akbar’s death.
Finally, at a distance of 2 kms on the banks of Utawali Nadi, a grand mausoleum of black stones was constructed. This mausoleum is considered architecturally special amongst, Mughal monuments, and despite its age it is in good condition.
After the death of Shah Nawaz Khan, his post was given tp his younger brother Daraab Khan, and his two sons Mirza Manuchhar and Mirza Tughlaq were conferred with ‘Ek Hazaari Mansab’.
Shah Nawaz Khan’s Maqbara
(Panoramio – Photos by modipawan8126)
The well-lit and aired dome of Shah Nawaz Khan’s Maqbara, resonates voices when spoken under it. Under the dome in the centre is a marble platform on which is the beautifully carved cenotaph of Shah Nawaz Khan with a lotus flower carved at the head. Next to it is a small cenotaph but of an unknown person. The real graves are in the crypt of the mausoleum.
Currently this Mausoleum is under the Archaeology Department. Towards the east of Shah Nawaz Khan’s mausoleum there is a large monument shaped like a ‘Paan-daan’ with a Mazaar of a prominent person of Shah Nawaz Khan’s family.
So much of Mughal history lies embedded in the bosom of Burhanpur. Their joys, sorrows, victories and even their bones………
Source: Burahpur Live:Aitihasic Dharohar